ENVIRONMENTAL DISASTER: How Millions Of People Lost Their Jobs Following The Incident That Turned The World's 4th Largest Sea Into A Desert

There was a big sea named the Aral Sea. It was located in Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan in Central Asia. It was known as the fourth-largest in the whole world during the early 1990s. It had Hundreds of thousands of aquatic animals. The sea was sourced from  the Amu Darya and the Syr Darya rivers. Report also has it that rainwater also contributed to about one-fifth of its water. 

We learnt that the sea was the major source of revenue for thousands of people residing in the area and was also the source of income for millions of people that were serving as middle men between the farmers and the consumers.

 Farmers and fishermen within the region depend on the sea to survive and make provision for their different families until in the early 1950s. When Soviets was governing the region, a scheme was developed in other to divert the two Major rivers that were souring Aral Seawater to a desert in other to irrigate the desert in an attempt to grow crops like melon, cereals, rice and also rice.

The project succeeded partially but it turned to became one of the biggest disasters of mankind. As the scheme continued, the sea started evaporating gradually and in 1960, hundreds of thousands of aquatic animals died. They reportedly died because of the increase in the water salinity. This also affected Millions of people that depended on the sea for income.

Seeing the effect of the scheme, the government tried to restore the two river's flow of water into the sea but they couldn't finish the scheme because of high cost of financing the project. It was later abandoned in 1986.

However, things started becoming unbearable following heavy storms and winds. The winds and storms transported dried salt of the Aral sea to farmer's lands. This affected crops and caused lack of food in the area. It also caused diseases like kidney failure, urinary diseases, vision problems and even cancer.